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2019版高三英语一轮教师用书:第一部分 选修8 Unit 3

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Unit 3 Inventors and inventions (对应学生用书第 206 页) [单词 Ⅰ.考纲单词——会拼写、要识记 1.distinguish 2.seize 3.file 4.dial 5.bear 6.tap 7.stable 8.patent 9.stainless 10.passive 11.criterion 12.valid 13.ripe 14.dynamic 变化的 15.current n. (水或气)流;电流 vi.&vt. 显示……的差别; 使……有所不同;辨别 vt. n. vt. vt. vt. n. adj. n. adj. adj. n. adj. adj. adj. 抓住;捉住;夺 文件;档案;文件夹 提交;将……归档 拨(电话) 忍受;忍耐;负担 轻打;轻拍;轻敲 轻轻地敲击(声);(水)龙头 稳固的;稳定的;安定的 专利证书;专利权 无锈的;不锈的;没有污点的 被动的;消极的;被动语态的 (评判的)标准;尺度 有效的;确凿的 熟的;成熟的 充满活力的;精力充沛的;动态的;发展 拼写应用] vt.&vi. adj. 16.version 17.competence Ⅱ.派生单词——能辨别 1.mercy 2.abrupt n.宽大;仁慈→merciful n. n. 现在的;当前的 版本;译本 能力;胜任;本领 adj.宽大的;仁慈的→merciless adj.残 忍的;无情的 adj.突然的;意外的→abruptly adv.突然地;唐突地 3 . convenience n . 便 利 ; 方 便 →convenient adj. 便 利 的 ; 方 便 的 ; 就 * 的 →inconvenient adj.不方便的;引起麻烦的 4. caution n. 小心; 谨慎→cautious adj.小心的;谨慎的→cautiously adv.小心地; 谨慎地 5.expect vt.&vi.预料;期待;期望;认为→expectation n.预料;期待;期望 6.merry adj.愉快的;高兴的→merrily adv.高兴地;愉快地 7.freeze v.冰冻→frozen adj.冻结的→freezing adj.冰冻的;严寒的 8.innocent adj.清白的;无罪的;天真的→innocence n.天真;清白 9.associate vt.联想;联系 n.同伴;伙伴→association n.协会;社团;联合; 联想 10.practise n.&v.练*;实*→practical Ⅲ.语境应用(用所给词的适当形式填空) 1.Tom was angry at her abrupt manner,so he left abruptly.(abrupt) 2.We had expected that he wouldn't come to our party,but his sudden appearance was beyond our expectation. He made our party full of laughter as expected. (expect) 3.In this freezing weather,two men were frozen to death on the mountain.(freeze) 4.He is a cautious man and is always doing things with caution.You should get on with him cautiously.(caution) [拓展联想] 后缀ive 形容词集锦 adj.实际的;实践的 ①active 主动的 ②passive 被动的 ③positive 积极的 ④negative 消极的 ⑤subjective 主观的 ⑥expensive 昂贵的 表示“抓住”的相关词语一览 ①catch vt.抓住;接住 ②grasp vt.抓住;掌握 ③catch hold of 抓住 ④get hold of 抓住 [短语 多维应用] Ⅰ.短语回顾——会默写 1.call_up 2.now_and_then 3.set_about 4.dive_into 5.set_out_(to_do) 6.hang_on 7.out_of_order 8.get_through 9.ring_back 10.ring_off 给……打电话 偶尔;有时 开始;着手 迅速把手伸入;一心投入 开始(做) 不挂断;稍等;紧紧握住 次序颠倒;发生故障 设法联系上(尤指打通电话);(设法)做完;通过 回复电话 挂断电话 Ⅱ.语境应用(选用上述短语的适当形式填空) 1.Having made up his mind, he set_about carrying out the plan. 2.If you hang_on for a while, I will go and see if I can find your mother. 3.The thief dived his hand into my handbag and robbed the wallet and ran away. 4.I checked the files and some of the papers were out_of_order.You had better sort them out. 5.The girl goes to visit her English teacher now_and_then who retired from school last year. 6.We were very glad when we heard that you had got_through your exam. [拓展联想] “有



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